Mattress Guide - Surfaces

Mattress Guide


The finishing of your mattress relates to the surface that you'll be lying on directly - this is generally a quilted of tufted finish although other types are available. A lot of quality mattresses will also have handles so they can be easily moved as well as air vents, to help keep them aerated and cool.


Tufting involves passing tapes through the mattress at different intervals in order to prevent fillings from becoming dislodged. It is integral to the construction of a pocket sprung mattress, as this keeps the springs firmly in place. Tufting is the strongest method of securing fillings in a mattress and will generally result in a firmer feel.

  • Secures fillings
  • Creates firm feel
  • Used for pocket springs


Quilting is the method used to attach the outer fabric of the mattress to the underlying fillings and creates a smooth, flatter surface. This method is most commonly used in open spring mattress construction.

  • Creates smooth surface
  • Used for open springs


Pillow top mattress construction involves an extra cushioned layer that is stitched on top of the surface of the mattress. The pillow top will usually add an additional 28 - 35mm to the height of the mattress. A pillow top mattress does not need to be turned, as the pillow will only be on one side.

  • Extra layer of material
  • Increases height of mattress
  • Extra cushioned support


A damask finish on a mattress means the surface of the mattress is finished with a smooth and cool layer of damask, perfect for those who prefer a cooler sleeping environment. Damask is an historic fabric that can be traced back to the middle ages it is created from silk, wool, linen, cotton or synthetic fibres.

  • Cooling properties
  • Luxurious feel


A knitted counterpart of velvet, Velour is a textile. It combines the stretchy properties of knits such as spandex with the rich appearance and feel of velvet. A mattress that is finished with Velour will have anti-dust mite and anti-bacterial properties – great if you are an allergy sufferer.

  • Rich velvety feel
  • Anti-dust mite
  • Anti-bacterial properties
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